Source International – Manufacturing Materials – Learning Center
Pine trees are conifers belonging to the genus Pinus in the family Pinaceae. There are currently 126 accepted species within the botanical community. Most areas of the Northern Hemisphere home to continental and tundra climate conditions are home to some variety of native Pine. Some species have been introduced to more temperate and subtropical regions in both the Northern and Southern with the result often being this hearty tree begins to threaten native ecosystems. The majority of these types of trees tend to grow between 50 and 150 ft. tall.
The timber, lumber, and wood pulp derived from this material are among the most commercially important of all tree species worldwide. Its largest commercial application include the production of high-value furniture, paneling, floors, roofing, and other such carpentry/construction related items. Additionally, its resin (pine tar) is an important source of turpentine. One of the major drawbacks, however, to using Pine as a material is the fact it possesses no decay or insect resistant qualities once it has been harvested. As such, it is common practice to use this material for purposes which will not be exposed to the elements.
Fun Fact: One of the world’s oldest living organisms, named Methuselah and aged at approximately 4,600 years old, is a Pine tree residing in the White Mountains of California.